Artificial Intelligence and Civil Security

Artificial Intelligence and Civil Security: A Study on the Effects of the Future Vision “Artificial Intelligence made in Germany” on applied security research

With its National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence, published in 2018 under the title "Artificial Intelligence made in Germany", the German Federal Government presents its idea of the future development and application of AI. The project analyses how this sociotechnical imaginary is constructed in political discourse and how it structures the field of applied security research in Germany.

 

Duration: 01.04.2020 - 31.03.2022
Project management: Dr. Jens Hälterlein
Support: Fritz Thyssen Foundation

 

Security Research Dialogue

The Security Research Dialogue was set up in 2007 by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. Since 01. August 2016, the “Supporting office to the Security Research Dialogue” has been located at the Center for Security and Society CSS.

The Office promotes the establishment and continuation of a network of researchers from the humanities, the social sciences and the natural sciences in civil security research and promotes scientific excellence in this research field. This is achieved in particular by the conception and organization of events such as workshops, conferences and other public events as well as by the promotion of young academics. In all of these activities, the Supporting Office is committed to interdisciplinary dialogue and the development and integration of international and, in particular, EU security research.

Through the events and other impulses, the Security Research Dialogue contributes to the dynamic determination of the research needs in this field and also provides scientific debates to the interested public.

 

Find more information on the project's homepage

Duration: 01.08.2016 - 31.07.2021
Project management: Dr. Nicholas Eschenbruch
Support: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Scientific Assistance: Sabrina Ellebrecht (until 02/2019), Dr. Björn Brömmelsiek

 

SIKET

Evaluation and Development of Security Concepts for Railway Tunnels

Security concepts for railway tunnels – e.g. for fire safety, evacuation, rescue and fire-fighting operations - have so far been drawn up on the basis of individual expert opinions and experience. In contrast, SIKET focuses on research findings and a systematic approach. Taking into account both organisational and structural aspects, the aim of the project is to develop suggestions for improving security concepts on the basis of scientific analyses and simulations of escape systems as well as smoke distribution.

With a Sociology of Knowledge approach, the sociological subproject will record and model the forms and types of organisation and knowledge transmission among the participating rescue organizations. Role concepts for improving simulation environments and exercise scripts will be developed. Rescue exercises that will have been carried out in the project will be evaluated from a specific perspective: In view of the unavoidable artificiality of such exercises, criteria for determining their closeness to reality will be developed. Regarding the improvement of security concepts, criteria for determining security levels will be developed.

Find a more detailed project description here (only available in German)

Duration: 01.08.2018 - 31.07.2021
Project management: Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann
Support: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Scientific Assistance: Sabine Blum, Markus Jenki

 

TRESSPASS

TRESSPASS - robusT Risk basEd Screening and alert System for PASSengers and luggage

The goal of TRESSPASS is to develop, demonstrate and validate a single cohesive risk-based border management concept for air, maritime and land border crossing points. It follows an “ethics and data protection by design” approach.

The 42-month EU H2020 innovation action project will address border control tasks at regular border crossing points, such as customs and smuggling prevention, immigration control, police searches for suspects, as well as cross border crime and terrorism prevention. Under a newly developed single cohesive concept, related threats will be managed as risks tailored to the specific situational needs of individual border crossing points.
TRESSPASS does not address border crossings outside of regular border crossing points (e.g. by boat). Threats posed by state-actors are out of scope, as well.

Building on previous ethical research as part of the project XP-DITE, the role of the University of Freiburg’s Centre for Security and Society is to provide the basis and input needed to address ethical, legal and societal aspects from the start and throughout the design and development process, with a special focus on data protection needs. Furthermore, Freiburg also leads the tasks related to accompanying research ethics.

TRESSPASS is a strong European Consortium of 22 partners. It is coordinated by the Greek National Centre for Scientific Research “Demokritos”. The project is funded by the European Union under the Horizon 2020 programme, Grant Agreement No. 787120.


Find more information on the project's homepage 

Duration: 01.06.2018 - 30.11.2021
Lead for the University of Freiburg contribution: PD Dr. Elisa Orrù
Support: EU Horizon 2020

 

SUSQRA

Protection from unconventional high explosive devices - characterization and quantitative risk analysis

The goal of the SUSQRA project is to develop a software system that can be used to determine the expected extent of damage by unconventional explosive devices. The software shall be applicable for different categories of explosive devices. In addition, an analysis tool is planned which will effectively support the forensic evaluation after an event.
 

Duration: 01.09.2018 - 31.12.2021
Projekt Management: Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann
Support: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Scientific Assistence: Dr. Jan Schank

 

SUSQRA

Schutz vor unkonventionellen Sprengvorrichtungen – Charakterisierung und quantitative Risikoanalyse

Ziel des Projekts SUSQRA ist es, ein Softwaresystem zu entwickeln, mit dem das zu erwartende Schadensausmaß von unkonventionellen Sprengvorrichtungen ermittelt werden kann. Die Software soll für unterschiedlichste Klassen von Sprengsätzen mit beliebigen Geometrien einsetzbar sein. Zudem ist die Realisierung eines Analyse-Tools vorgesehen, mit dem die forensische Bewertung nach einem Ereignis effektiv unterstützt wird.

Das soziologische Teilprojekt ermittelt, welche konkreten Anforderungen an die Konfiguration sich aus der polizeilichen Praxis und aus dem urbanen Sicherheitsmanagement ergeben. In tabletop exercises wird ausgelotet, wie sich solche Vorhersage- und Analysekapazitäten in operationale und planerische Konzepte der polizeilichen Praxis wie des urbanen Sicherheitsmanagements umsetzen lassen.
 

Den Projektumriss finden Sie hier

Laufzeit: 01.09.2018 - 31.12.2021
Projektleitung: Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann
Förderer: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeit: Dr. Jan Schank

 

SUSQRA

Schutz vor unkonventionellen Sprengvorrichtungen – Charakterisierung und quantitative Risikoanalyse

Ziel des Projekts SUSQRA ist es, ein Softwaresystem zu entwickeln, mit dem das zu erwartende Schadensausmaß von unkonventionellen Sprengvorrichtungen ermittelt werden kann. Die Software soll für unterschiedlichste Klassen von Sprengsätzen mit beliebigen Geometrien einsetzbar sein. Zudem ist die Realisierung eines Analyse-Tools vorgesehen, mit dem die forensische Bewertung nach einem Ereignis effektiv unterstützt wird.

Das soziologische Teilprojekt ermittelt, welche konkreten Anforderungen an die Konfiguration sich aus der polizeilichen Praxis und aus dem urbanen Sicherheitsmanagement ergeben. In tabletop exercises wird ausgelotet, wie sich solche Vorhersage- und Analysekapazitäten in operationale und planerische Konzepte der polizeilichen Praxis wie des urbanen Sicherheitsmanagements umsetzen lassen.
 

Den Projektumriss finden Sie hier

Laufzeit: 01.09.2018 - 31.12.2021
Projektleitung: Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann
Förderer: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeit: Dr. Jan Schank

 

HITD

Multimodale Fernerkennung verborgener Gefahrenpotenziale in der Personenkontrolle

Bei den Anschlägen in Paris und Brüssel in den vergangenen Jahren wurden von Terroristen Waffen und Sprengstoffwesten in Menschenmengen eingesetzt, mit dem Ziel möglichst viele Personen zu töten. Um solchen Angriffen begegnen zu können, ist es erforderlich, die Täter bereits aus der Distanz zu identifizieren und sie zu stoppen, bevor sie eine dichte Menschenmenge erreichen. Das ist mit den derzeitigen Mitteln nicht möglich.

Das Ziel des Projekts ist die Entwicklung eines integrierten und automatisierten Systems zur Erkennung von am Körper versteckten Waffen und Bomben. Es soll eine Kombination aus Terahertzwellen-Technologie, bekannt aus Personenscannern am Flughafen, und anderen optischen Sensoren in einem Detektor integriert werden, der Attentäter bzw. deren Bewaffnung erkennen kann. Das System soll aus einer Distanz von bis zu 50 Metern eingesetzt werden können und dem Sicherheitspersonal ein Einschreiten ermöglichen, bevor dem Attentäter bewusst wird, dass er kontrolliert und erkannt wurde.

Dabei soll die technische Seite des Projekts von Beginn an durch intensive juristische Begleitforschung unterstützt werden. So soll sichergestellt werden, dass das System rechtlichen Ansprüchen genügt und insbesondere keine Persönlichkeitsrechte verletzt.

Laufzeit: 01.09.2018 - 31.08.2021
Projektleitung: Prof. Dr. Walter Perron
Förderer: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeit: Philipp Johner, Stefan Uhl

 

RESILIENZMAßE

The project aims at developing  a systemic and systematic practical method to validate and compare different system designs concerning resilience.

Duration: 01.05.2015 - 30.09.2018
Project management: Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann
Support: Fraunhofer Gesellschaft and the state Baden-Württemberg

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NeTIRail

The multi-disciplinary, collaborative research project aims to better interlink the different agents within emergency medical services. For this purpose new audio-visual communication media such as data goggles are developed and tested. The sociological research project explores general effects on professional interactions by observing the use of similar communication media in different organisations. Moreover, the technical solution developed by project partners will be monitored and evaluated during two large-scale exercises. A triage study is also part of the project.

Duration: 01.06.2015 - 31.05.2018
Project management: Prof. Dr. Hans-Helmuth Gander
Support: EU Horizon 2020

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EVADEX

EVADEX's purpose is to set standards in the broad field outside aviation against threats deriving from explosion hazards or chemical accidents. The project is coordinated by Fraunhofer ICT and funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. While André Biermann's remit includes investigations about societal aspects of detection technologies, Martina F. Biebert is concerned with the animal alternative: explosive detection dogs. The subproject's task is to formulate and correlate the very diversity of aspects and criteria evolving in questions of acceptance in particular societal realms.

Duration: 01.11.2014 - 31.10.2017
Project management: Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann
Support: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

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XP-DITE

Having begun on 01. September 2012, the EU FP7 funded project XP-DITE (New integrated approach for airport security checkpoints) has been conducting research in the field of aviation security. Its main goal is to develop a new and balanced approach for the design and evaluation of airport checkpoints, which would not just meet growing security needs, but would balance these with operational demands as well as ethical and societal requirements.

Duration: 01.09.2012 - 31.12.2017
Project management: Prof. Dr. Hans-Helmuth Gander
Support: 7th EU-Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development

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KOMPASS

Mass rescue operations at sea hold several aggravating circumstances, for example difficult access for rescue workes, limited space aboard, limited means of transport and long distances. The management of such an incident requires the effective cooperation of various actors. The aim of the project KOMPASS is to design, elaborate and implement an integrative management system for patient care and rescue operations at sea, which consists of structural, organizational and technical measures. The solutions are developed in close cooperation with stake holders and end-users. They will be evaluated in several exercises based on realistic scenarios.

Duration: 01.09.2012 - 31.12.2017
Project management: Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann
Support: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

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TeraSCREEN

TeraSCREEN develops an innovative concept of multi-frequency multi-mode Terahertz (THz) detection with new automatic detection and classification functionalities. The system developed demonstrates, at a live control point, the safe automatic detection and classification of objects concealed under clothing, whilst respecting privacy and increasing current throughput rates.  This innovative screening system combines multi-frequency images taken by passive and active imagers which scan the subjects and obtain complementary information, thus allowing for automatic threat recognition.

Duration: 01.05.2013 - 31.10.2017
Project management: Dr. Nicholas Eschenbruch
Support: EU FP-7

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AUDIME

The multi-disciplinary, collaborative research project aims to better interlink the different agents within emergency medical services. For this purpose new audio-visual communication media such as data goggles are developed and tested. The sociological research project explores general effects on professional interactions by observing the use of similar communication media in different organisations. Moreover, the technical solution developed by project partners will be monitored and evaluated during two large-scale exercises. A triage study is also part of the project.

Duration: 01.10.2014 - 30.09.2017
Project management: Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann
Support: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

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ENCOUNTER

The ENCOUNTER project aims to assess current state of the art capability in both neutralisation of small scale IEDs and in mitigation of the effects of a detonated IED, leading to development of improved capability in both areas.

Duration: 01.09.2012 - 31.11.2016
Project management: Prof. Dr. Gisela Riescher
Support: 7th EU-Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development

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KORSE

The KORSE project work aims at the theoretical, doctrinal, and practical aspects of the advancing Europeanisation, internationalisation and globalisation of security law.  At the theoretical level, fundamental questions of a Europeanised security law will be dealt with. Firstly, this will concern fundamental normative questions on the balancing of security and freedom in a multilevel system of democratic orders, shaped by human rights, and questions on the relations between different ideas of security and the law. For example, the capacity of new key concepts in the security discourse, such as resilience, will be examined. Secondly, fundamental theoretical terms, such as threat or risk, will be developed in a European law context. Dealing with the fundamental normative and theoretical questions is a necessary condition for the complementary research of ethics, which is increasingly demanded and supported, also on the European level.

Duration: 01.12.2012 - 31.08.2016
Project management: Prof. Dr. Ralf Poscher
Support: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)

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BESECURE

The BESECURE project aimed to improve the way policy makers use knowledge, experiences and data in their decision making process in urban security. The project developed novel tools that emphasise knowledge sharing and evidence-based policy design and that are grounded in an extensive review of urban security practices from across Europe. Through case studies in eight urban areas across Europe, the project amassed a wide compendium of interesting practices. Based on case study work and further exploration, the project established a robust information structure to capture the essential dimensions of urban security practices and make them transferrable.

Duration: 01.04.2012 - 31.03.2015
Project management: Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann
Support: 7th EU-Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development

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SURVEILLE

SURVEILLE is a multi-disciplinary collaborative research project funded within the European Commission FP7 framework. The project analyzes the ethical issues, legal limitations and efficiency of the use of surveillance technologies for the prevention, investigation and prosecution of serious crimes. This research aims to inform developers and manufacturers of surveillance technologies through a systematically delivered advisory service. SURVEILLE will also contribute toward the training of judges, prosecutors and police forces.

Duration: 01.02.012 - 30.06.2015
Project management: Prof. Dr. Hans-Helmuth Gander
Support: 7th EU-Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development

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Organizing Resilience

With the discussion of new threats, resilience has become an emerging security paradigm and a governmental strategy. Against this background, the proposed research project asks, how organized emergency response is reconfigured in Germany, particularly in metropolises, and on the organizational level. The central features of this transformation become manifest in mass casualty incident plans, which have been (re-)formulated in most German cities.

Duration: 01.08.2013 - 30.06.2015
Project management: Prof. Dr. Stefan Kaufmann
Support: Gerda Henkel Stiftung

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